Northeast of Charlottesville, the Mossy Creek is known for its fly fishing. Mossy Creek is world famous and has been written up in numerous publications. It is a limestone creek known for its wild brown trout, but also has some wild rainbow trout, too. It flows north along the Washington National Forest and the Shenandoah National Park.
Most of the creek is on private land, but there are 3 miles of Mossy Creek open to the public. Its typically 20 feet wide.
Mossy Creek is open year-round, and is subject to special regulations. Anglers are required to register for a free permit to fish on the stream since it is on private land, use only single-hook, artificial flies, fly fishing only, and observe a creel limit of one trout per day. The typical practice is catch-and-release.
Overall, Mossy Creek is the 11th most popular fly fishing river of all 12 fly fishing spots in Virginia.