Near Cody, the South Fork Shoshone River is known for its fly fishing opportunties. The river is known for its wild rainbow trout, cutthroat trout, and especially, brown trout. Access to the South Fork is limited due to private property bordering much of its length, from the confluence of Buffalo Bill reservoir upstream 35 miles to the Shoshone National Forest boundary. It is not unusual for guided anglers to have several browns and rainbows over 20 inches smash a dry during the course of the day, during the height of the summer. Dry flies are favored patterns beginning July 1 and ending mid-October.
From the boundary of the Shoshone National Forest, the South Fork of the Shoshone heads westward for 30 miles or so to Bliss Creek Meadows. The best trout fishing is found in the narrow canyon, requiring a walk of several, relatively easy miles before entering the canyon. Grizzly bears are not uncommon in the upper reaches of the South Fork and anglers should use caution when approaching berry patches or thick stands of willows on the canyon. Floating the South Fork is not an option.
Overall, South Fork Shoshone River is the 10th most popular fly fishing river of all 28 fly fishing spots in Wyoming.