West of Mayville, the Chautauqua Creek is popular for fly fishing the year-round trout or steelhead. The creek runs 15 miles from southwest of Mayville north to the confluence with Lake Erie. The best trout fly fishing is April through September above the Westfield Water Works dam. There are 7.2 miles of Public Fishing Rights above the dam. The best steelhead fishing is October to April on the section below the dam. There is a 1.3 mile catch-and-release stretch just below the Westfield Water Works dam.
If you are interested in fly fishing wild brown trout, you may find some of the section of Chautauqua Creek passing the western boundry of Chautauqua Gorge State Forest.
Overall, Chautauqua Creek is the 23rd most popular fly fishing river of all 32 fly fishing spots in New York.